disease like small pox. Meanwhile, Cortés found out that Moctezuma had huge quantities of stored Gold, and began discussions with other disgruntled local vassal Chiefs unhappily paying Tribute to Moctezuma. In what ways did factors such as technology and disease contribute to the dominance of the Spanish over the Aztec civilization?-advanced technology = better results -immunity to sickness helped Spanish. The Spanish conquest was devastating to the Aztec people. When the Spanish arrived, normally they would have been captured and sacrificed immediately. Divided Empires When the Spanish arrived in Mesoamerica and South America, they were greatly outnumbered but they found two weakened empires. What did the government of Porfirio Diaz do? The horses, cannons and iron weaponry brought over on their huge ships from Cuba commanded respect and fear. Spanish missionaries sent to convert the Aztecs to Christianity learned the Nahuatl language spoken by the Aztecs. [4] Their horses and war dogs gave them even more of an advantage against the Aztecs. The Spanish conquest was devastating to the Aztec people.By 1680, 94% of the Aztec population … That's how the Aztecs did things. The Spanish conquest of Yucatán took almost 170 years. The Aztec Empire was the last great civilization prior to the arrival of the Spanish. She played a key role in Cortés’s victory over the Aztecs and also bore him a son, Martín, the first famous Mexican mestizo (although he couldn’t have actually been the first mestizo born in the Americas). Because the Aztecs were ruthless and very cruel. 2. It is uncertain how Montezuma died. The nobles power and wealth relied on control of land, labor and tribute. There was 15 Spanish men that were captured by the Aztecs and were sacrificed the first time. The Spanish also allied with the Aztec's enemies. There were many different reasons why the Spanish were able to take over the Aztec Empire. For example, in one battle fought at the Inca capital of Cuzco, 190 Spaniards defeated an army of 40,000 Inca warriors with a loss of only one man. They developed a form of hieroglyphic writing, a complex calendar system, and … With the help of the Aztecs’ native rivals, Cortes mounted an offensive against Tenochtitlan, finally defeating Cuauhtemoc’s resistance on August 13, 1521. After 91 days, without any food, and with disease throughout the city, Cuauhtemoc finally surrendered to the Spanish on August 13, 1521. They are well bred and respected by the rest of the society. When the Spanish conquistadors first fired their weapons, the blast and smoke shocked and amazed the Aztec people. The remaining Aztecs were assimilated into the Spanish empire and their pure-blooded and mestizo descendants live on in Mexico and Central America today. They ruled parts of southern Mexico, as well as some other adjacent areas in Central America. About this quiz: All the questions on this quiz are based on information that can be found on the page at Aztec Empire - Spanish Conquest. This happened for a few reasons:[1], After taking over the Aztec Empire, the Spanish conquistadors moved on to take over other parts of Mesoamerica. Do NOT follow this link or you will be banned from the site. Over time, around 80 percent of the people living in the Valley of Mexico died from these diseases. Spanish conquistador Hernan Cortés and his men landed on the Mexican coast on April of 1519. Between 1519 and 1521, Spanish conquistadors, led by Hernán Cortés, overthrew the Aztec Empire. But 100 years later, there were just 1 million left. The Spanish did not just deal a mortal blow to the political structure and culture of Tenochtitlan; they also wiped thousands of its residents off the face of the planet. Cortés helped old enemies of the Aztecs defeat them in one of the most important events in the Spanish colonization of the Americas. Aztec warriors had only cotton armour and shields made of wood or reeds to protect them. In July 1520 the Spanish survivors fled to Tlaxcala, where enemies of the Aztecs protected them. The Aztec temple was deliberately built in a blend of styles. This event is called the Spanish conquest of the Aztec Empire. The Spanish started invading the Aztec Empire in February 1519. Aztecs … The Spanish tried to change the Aztecs into Catholics and make them act like Spanish people. However, because so many people had died of smallpox, there were also not enough people left to fight against the conquistadors when they did come. At first, the reports of strange encounters on the Coast with pale skinned men did not bother Moctuzema because the Aztec Empire was already advanced in Trade with many foreigners already present and conducting trade at the great market of Tlatelolco. First, their weapons and armor were better than the Aztecs'. you ought to definitely have googled this question. However, workers were badly abused, and many died. 4. This event is called the Spanish conquest of the Aztec Empire. [11], By 1680, 94% of the Aztec population had died. different than that, it replaced right into a organic backstab/deceive the Aztec king by using the Spanish conquistador that enabled him to defeat the Aztecs. Hernan Cortes, one of the Spanish explorers, undertook an expedition to the Mexican Coast in 1519. In 1519, as conquistador Hernan Cortes was making his way inland from the coast on his audacious conquest of the Mexica (Aztec) Empire, he had to pass through the lands of the fiercely independent Tlaxcalans, who were the mortal enemies of the Mexica. In 1519, Hernan Cortes and his greedy band of some 600 conquistadors began their audacious assault on the Mexica (Aztec) Empire.By 1521 the Mexica capital city of Tenochtitlan was in ashes, Emperor Montezuma was dead and the Spanish were firmly in control of what they took to calling "New Spain." Several cultures flourished in Central and South America from about 300 c.e. Back to History for Kids Chapter 8. Photograph: Unknown/ Archivo Iconografico, S.A./CORBIS The Spanish army, led by Cortes, started to battle with the people of Aztec ruled by Montezuma at that time. The name "Ne… After Christopher Columbus tried to reach Asia in 1492 by sailing west of Africa, the Old World’s view of the planet changed. Later, when he saw how much worse African slaves were treated, las Casas changed his mind about this. The ancient prophecy has been fulfilled and the returning lord is invited to occupy his throne and visit the palace. Moctezuma was uncertain as to how to treat the Foreigners, and the explanation for the hospitality extended to Hernan Cortes and the Conquistadors may lie in an Ancient Aztec Prophecy of the Pale Skinned Aztec God Viracocha or Quetzalcoatl of Ancient Mesoamerica who had been Prophesied to return around the same time as Cortes had arrived in Moctezuma’s lands. The result was an Aztec temple, sort of, but in Beaux-Arts style, emphasizing Roman and Greek styles, Italian Renaissance and Baroque periods, too. [5], As early as 1528, reports have said that Montezuma II thought Hernán Cortés was the Aztec god Quetzalcoatl. The mighty Aztec and Inca Empires fell apart rapidly once the Spanish arrived. After the fall of Tenochtitlan on 13 August 1521 and the capture of the emperor Cuauhtémoc, the Spanish founded Mexico City on the ruins of Tenochtitlan. Nahua society lived by a myriad of social and ethical rules just like the sixteenth century Spanish did. The Aztec Empire was a civilization located in western South America (The Andes) And the Spanish invaded the Aztecs and annexed them. Spanish … What happened to the Spanish captured by the Aztecs? The fall of the Aztec City of Tenochtitlan to the Spanish led by Conquistador Hernan Cortes marked the end of an era as the Old and New Worlds collided with catastrophic results for the New World which would be decimated by War, famine and disease.. On his arrival, Hernan Cortes was accompanied by a force of 530 Armed Europeans and a few hundred Cuban natives and African slaves. 0 votes 0 votes Log in to add a comment Answer 5.0 /5 0. straveteg. The Spanish Conquest of the Aztecs In 1492 the Spaniards discovered the new world. The rich gifts, meant to buy off the Spanish and make them go away, had the opposite effect: they wanted to see the riches of the Aztecs for themselves. For webquest or practice, print a copy of this quiz at the Aztec Empire - Spanish Conquest webquest print page. The written language of the Maya was made up of about 800 glyphs, or symbols. This page was last changed on 11 December 2020, at 14:18. The Spanish had a positive effect on Aztec civilization because they helped modernize the society. For instance, some of us might still think of the Aztecs as bloodthirsty conquerors. I know for sure that one of the reasons was for gold and silver, now I need two more. In all, some 240,000 people were believed to have died in the city’s conquest, which effectively ended the Aztec civilization. The Spanish Conquistadors were completely outnumbered and in a foreign land yet they easily defeated these vast and powerful empires. welcomed them. Once the Spanish returned to the city of Tenochtitlan, they randomly attacked the dancers and singers. What happened to the Aztecs? The aztecs were a large militarystic empire practicing human sacrifice and other practices the Spaniards considered evil. How did the Social Systems of the Aztec Reflect their Worldview. The invasion ended in two years, on 13 August 1521, with the capture of the capital of the Aztec Empire. What did the Spanish bring to the Americas that weakened or killed thousands of Aztecs? Malintzin became Cortés’s mistress, learned Spanish, and served as Cortés’s interpreter and advisor. When the Spanish conquistador Hernán Cortés and his men arrived in the Aztec capital of Tenochtitlán in 1521, they described witnessing a grisly ceremony. What happened to Montezuma? So I’m forced to find bad things about the Aztecs in order to support my case. One of their most important cultural customs was the worship of their ancestors. After Montezuma II was killed the Aztecs elected Cuauhtemoc as their new king. At age 14, Cortés was sent to study law at the University of Salamanca, but he was restless and unhappy. As a result, the City of Tenochtitlan erupted in open rebellion and the Spanish found themselves trapped in the now hostile City with their sleeping quarters coming under attack. Between 1519 and 1521, Spanish conquistadors, led by Hernán Cortés, overthrew the Aztec Empire. The Aztecs were famous for their agriculture, cultivating all available land, introducing irrigation, draining swamps, and creating artificial islands in the lakes. Because of this, a Spanish bishop named Bartolomé de las Casas suggested using African slaves to work in New Spain instead. By 1680, 94% of the Aztec population had died. The land was ruled by Aztec King Moctezuma who had been the Aztec Emperor since 1502. Under his rule, the Aztec Empire had reached its greatest heights with its borders reaching their greatest extent since the inception of the Empire. Cortés eventually had him executed. Some Aztecs joined forces with the Spanish. Although Montezuma II did not trust Cortés, he also was worried that Cortés was the Aztec god Quetzalcoatl. How Did the Aztec and Spanish Ways of Life Reflect Their Worldviews? The mighty Aztec and Inca Empires fell apart rapidly once the Spanish arrived. Hernan Cortes was a Spanish explorer who conquered the Aztecs and named Mexico City. By 1680, 94% of the Aztec … Superior weaponry and a devastating smallpox outbreak enabled the Spanish to … The Aztec Empire had ended.[3]. The Aztec Empire was the last great civilization prior to the arrival of the Spanish. The written language of the Maya was made up of about 800 glyphs, or symbols. Maybe you'd get to learn to read. That night, the Spanish were spotted as they tried to flee the city: the enraged Mexica warriors attacked, slaughtering hundreds of Spaniards on the Tacuba causeway out of the city. Aztecs under attack: Hernán Cortés, with 200 Spaniards and 5,000 Indians defeats a larger Aztec force in 1520. There could hardly be a clearer statement of returning the sovereignty to the original king. In what year did the Aztec Empire come to an end? However, this time, the Tlaxcala and Huexotzingo rebels beat the Aztec military. How did they do it? They came into power in 1325 and ruled until 1521. Similarly, in two years, Cortés, with fewer than 1,000 Spaniards, utterly destroyed the Aztec Empire. At first, Montezuma II, the Aztecs' ruler, invited the Spanish into Tenochtitlan, and things were friendly. Columbus had set sail hoping to … The Spanish invaded the Aztecs Empire. To make things worse for the Aztecs, the City was by now suffering from extreme starvation and the people were forced to drink the salty lake water which weakened the population even further, allowing Cortes to enter the City in a series of bitterly contested surges until the Aztec City was finally subdued in August 1512. Why The Greek Gods May Have Been Anunnaki Aliens. As Leonardo pointed out to us, Cortés sent to Charles V a quinto real (20%) of what the Spaniards had actually received. How did the Aztecs die? The Aztecs: The Aztecs were one of the most powerful and advanced pre-Columbian civilizations. By this time, though, the Aztecs had made Montezuma II's brother, Cuauthemoc, the king. The smallpox weakened the Aztec cities around Tenochtitlan which soon fell to the Spanish and made it possible for the Spaniards to lay siege to Tenochtitlan. [3], Ten months later, Cortés came back to Tenochtitlan with more Spanish soldiers but mostly Tlaxcaltecas and other indigenous enemies of the Aztecs. "The king's and Cortes' gold was lost, and those soldiers who carried very much loot either dropped it or were slaughtered because they … Why did the Spanish want to conquer the Aztecs? These priests and friars spoke to old Aztecs to learn their history. Even at the time, physicians said the symptoms did not match those of better-known diseases such as measles and malaria. The treated their subjects like animals and they only wanted their subjects to do two things: 1) pay tribute in kind and 2) sacrificial victims, usually very young virgins. For example:[1][2][4], Because of these things, many people in the Aztec Empire were unhappy. [3], However, soon, while Cortés was away, Spanish soldiers attacked and killed many Aztecs during a festival. Destroyed it. Between 1519 and 1521, Spanish conquistadors, led by Hernán Cortés, overthrew the Aztec Empire.This event is called the Spanish conquest of the Aztec Empire.Cortés helped old enemies of the Aztecs defeat them in one of the most important events in the Spanish colonization of the Americas.. What did the Spanish do to much of the Aztec art and architecture? Spanish weaponry and tactics played a role, but most of the destruction was wrought by epidemics of European diseases. The Aztecs … Most Aztecs deaths were under the Tenochtitlan besiege; the exit roads of their city islands were obstructed. Cortés was born in 1485 in Medellín, Spain. How did the Aztec treat the Spanish when they first arrived? The Aztecs … They started a siege of Tenochtitlan, so that no food or supplies could get in. The Aztec regrouped under a new Emperor but they could not foresee the deadly Biological disaster that would seen wreak havoc throughout the Kingdom as Smallpox which had been brought by one of the Spaniards spread, effectively decimating 40% of Tenochtitlan’s population within a year. On his arrival, Hernan Cortes was accompanied by a force of 530 Armed Europeans and a few hundred Cuban natives and African slaves. By 1519, the Empire had other problems that made it easier for Spain to take it over. The Spanish had metal armor and shields. In the case of the Spaniards, this was the king, or more specifically, King Ferdinand of Aragon and Queen Isabel of Castile; these were hereditary positions. The Spanish destroyed Tenochtitlan. Horses; because they had never seen a horse. He became fascinated with tales of Christopher Columbus' New World explorations. The Aztecs were severely weakened by diseases that the Spanish brought such as smallpox, influenza, and malaria. Although the Spaniards eventually managed to cross to the mainland, they had lost a significant number of men and Gold in the worst defeat suffered by Cortes. These Aztecs put the number of sacrificial victims at the time of the temple’s dedication at … So, was there anything “bad” that the Aztecs ever did… Cortés helped old enemies of the Aztecs defeat them in one of the most important events in the Spanish colonization of the Americas. What happened to Tenochtitlan? Battle of Tenochtitlan (May 22–August 13, 1521), military engagement between the Aztecs and a coalition of Spanish and indigenous combatants commanded by Hernan Cortes. They came into power in 1325 and ruled until 1521. The end for the Aztec Empire came when the governor of Cuba sent an army under Hernan Cortes (1485-1547) to … They started a Spanish colony that they named New Spain. How did they do it? The first emissaries from the Aztecs arrived, bearing gifts and seeking information about these interlopers. The nobles are the ones that controlled the society. [1], In 1515, two of the states in the Aztec Empire rebelled. "[7], Some historians say that the Spanish conquistadors were not the only reason the Aztec Empire fell apart. So, did some Native Americans prefer Spanish rulers to the Aztecs? The Spaniards’ use of animals and technology made them no less barbaric than the Aztecs, just dramatically different. The Spanish conquest was devastating to the Aztec people. Specifically, Hassig shows that the Aztec strategy was mainly one of demonstrating superior military power in … In the 15th century, there were 25 million people living in the Aztec Empire. Writers in the 18th century, long after the Spanish conquest, used that word to describe what was really a vast group of people. [8][9] They made it easier to change from Aztec rule to Spanish rule by letting many Aztec nobles become Spanish nobles. So, I am wondering why the Spanish wanted to conquer the Aztecs. When Cortés got back, he got Montezuma II to tell the Aztecs to stop fighting the conquistadors. Many received an Encomienda, a village full of Aztecs who were forced to work for them. Home » Ancient Civilizations » Ancient Mesoamerica » Spanish Conquest Of The Aztec Empire. At first, the Tlaxcalans fought the conquistadors viciously, but after repeated defeats, they decided to make peace with the Spanish … I had a paper with the answers, but my teacher collected it. If you were in the nobility, had supported Cortes in battle, and didn't have any silver deposits near you, the Spanish probably weren't too bad. This woman is doing a fire dance in Aztec clothing, A modern Aztec drumming in traditional Aztec clothing, Aztecs celebrate a festival in Mexico City in traditional clothing, From Simple English Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia, CS1 maint: multiple names: authors list (, CS1 maint: multiple names: editors list (, https://simple.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Spanish_conquest_of_the_Aztec_Empire&oldid=7209626, Creative Commons Attribution/Share-Alike License, The Aztec government was making the states they took over – and regular people in Tenochtitlan – pay more and more money in, When Cortés and his conquistadors came to Tenochtitlan, they brought, Being forced to work too hard with too little food, which caused, Abuse from the people who were forcing them to work. Some historians, like Brian Fagan and Nadia Durrani, say that the Empire would have fallen apart even if the Spanish had never come. [2], Then, in April 1519, Spanish conquistadors, led by Cortés, arrived on the coast of Mexico. by Cortes and his military; present day Mexico City. The Spanish recruited the enemies of the Aztecs and Incas to help break the two kingdoms. What animal did the Spanish have that the Aztecs feared and why? Right now at school, I’m doing a Law and Order themed project of the Aztecs vs the Spanish. [4], For weapons, Aztec warriors had a few choices:[4], None of these weapons could compare to the conquistadors' guns and steel swords. We know the Spanish conquistadors had something to do with their demise, but it wasn't just those nasty European diseases that led to their ultimate downfall. Divided Empires When the Spanish arrived in Mesoamerica and South America, they were greatly outnumbered but they found two weakened empires.

Dancing On The Ceiling Lyrics Chicken Girls, Law Of Interaction Brainly, Assistant Property Manager Resume Samples, Nhiaa Field Hockey Standings, Italian Cruiser Duca Degli Abruzzi, Merry Christmas From My Family To Your Family, Meaning Of Sort In Urdu, Al Diyafah High School Careers, Nhiaa Field Hockey Standings, Can't Activate Paypal Prepaid Card,