After studying in a Dutch military academy, Geyso fought as a mercenary in the armies of Sweden, Bohemia, Denmark and the German Protestant Union. Embittered by this he defected to Sweden, where he attained the rank of field marshal. The Swedish cavalry reformed and counter-attacked, inflicting heavy casualties; only 1,500 of the 5,000 Bavarians made it back to Munich. He sent out calls to all of his estates of his dominions for fresh troops. Bavaria’s continuation of hostilities with France meant that Emperor Ferdinand III could no longer count on Bavarian troops. The papal throne changed hands and Pope Innocent the X took over. battle of jankau in a sentence - Use "battle of jankau" in a sentence 1. Fought on 2 May 1645, during the Thirty Years War, it featured a French army led by Turenne, and a Bavarian force under Franz von Mercy. He was released on ransom, later commanding the Swedish center at the Battle of Jankau. An army of the Catholic League, dominated by Bavarians, then invaded the Palatinate and sent Frederick into exile. Werth charged and scattered the Swedish right, before his cavalry stopped to loot the baggage train, where they capturing Torstensson's wife. Cavalry charges led by Werth kept the Swedes at a safe distance, and the two armies broke contact just before midday. In a conference the night before, Torstensson and his senior officers recognised the drawbacks, but agreed to an assault; their co-ordinated attack contrasted with command failures among the Imperial generals. Preliminaries. Swedish forces led by Carl Gustaf Wrangel and Hans Christoff von Königsmarck and Bernardines led by Jean-Baptiste Budes, Comte de Guébriant withstood an assault by Imperial forces led by Archduke Leopold Wilhelm of Austria, forcing the Imperials to retreat. Swedish losses were around 4,000 in total. [6], While the armies in Bohemia were roughly equal in numbers, the Swedes were far better integrated, and led; despite poor health, Torstensson was an energetic and experienced general, with capable officers. It was the Protestants' first major victory of the Thirty Years War. Print. The Imperial army had established winter quarters near Plzeň; unsure of Swedish intentions, von Hatzfeldt held his position to protect Prague. This site uses cookies to deliver our services, improve performance, for analytics, and (if not signed in) for advertising. / 6 Mar. The Roman Catholic Imperial army, bolstered by 15,000 Spanish soldiers, won a crushing victory over the combined Protestant armies of Sweden and their German-Protestant allies. Our animated historical documentary series on the Thirty Years' War continues with the aftermath of the battle of Freiburg - the battle of Jankau of 1645. Battle of Jankau, 6 March 1645 - A Swedish army under Lennart Torstensson, marching towards Prague, was intercepted by a larger imperial and Bavarian army, but emerges victorious Battle of the Jankau, 6 March 1645 By April Torstensson was within thirty miles of Vienna,[7] laying siege to the city of Brunn. The army of Matthias Gallas was returning from a defeat in Holstein with General Lennart Torstenson and the Swedish army in pursuit. Bavaria’s continuation of hostilities with France meant that Emperor Ferdinand III could no longer count on Bavarian troops. Near Jankov, 50 km southeast of Prague, Bohemia (present-day, Acton, Lord. Upon hearing about the defeat at Jankau the emperor Ferdinand III retreated further towards the Upper Palatinate near Regensburg. In 1648, he became the supreme commander of the Bavarian forces, serving in this capacity until the end of the war. [5], For 1645, Swedish commander Lennart Torstensson proposed a three-part offensive, intended to compel Ferdinand III to agree terms. After a short spell in the Spanish invasion of Picardy, he returned to Lorraine where he was captured by the French, spending three years in captivity. Battle of Jankau (Jankov, Jankow) 1645 So a taster of things to come. After a furious argument, Götzen launched a series of attacks, which were repulsed with heavy loss; just after 0915, he was killed, and his troops withdrew. The Second Battle of Breitenfeld, also known as the First Battle of Leipzig, took place on 23 October 1642 at Breitenfeld, some 7.5 kilometres (4.7 mi) north-east of Leipzig, Germany, during the Thirty Years' War. He later fought in the Second Northern War, the Austro-Turkish War (1663–64) and the Franco-Dutch War. 2. [14], However, Ferdinand could not also support his allies in Bavaria and Saxony. It resulted in the victory of a French-Weimar-Hessian army under the French Comte de Guébriant and the Hessian Generalleutnant Kaspar Graf von Eberstein against the Imperial Army under General Guillaume de Lamboy, who was captured. As we can see both the Swedish and Imperial armies kindly burnt down a number of the local villages during their respective marches, and the Swedes are alleged to have pillaged and burnt down the rest after the battle. 2. Philadelphia: American Philosophical Society, 1991. The Neo-Latin is the same except after 'Jankau' it says something like, "the Imperials [Caesarianos] and Bavarians relinquish the field, granting the Swedes a rightly victory." The Battle of Breitenfeld or First Battle of Breitenfeld, was fought at a crossroads near Breitenfeld approximately 8 km north-west of the walled city of Leipzig on 17 September, or 7 September, 1631. 285. Johann von Geyso was a German nobleman and General-Lieutenant, who fought during the course of the Thirty Years' War. The Battle of Kempen was a battle during the Thirty Years' War in Kempen, Westphalia on 17 January 1642. The Battle of Nördlingen was fought in 1634 during the Thirty Years' War, on 27 August or 6 September. Setton, Kenneth M. Venice, Austria and the Turks in the Seventeenth Century. Vol. Upon his return in 1641, he was promoted to Generalfeldmarschall and dispatched to Germany where he campaigned extensively. However, by this stage of the war, the devastated countryside forced armies to spend much of their time trying to support themselves, and the Swedes were unable to take advantage. English: "The second and final battle happened from midday into the night of 24 Feb. [7] In addition, many of his troops were poorly equipped remnants from defeated armies, his best unit being 5,000 veteran Bavarian cavalry under von Werth. In early March, a sudden freeze allowed Torstensson to cross near Staré Sedlo; von Hatzfeldt followed, reaching Tábor on 4 March, where he made contact with Swedish cavalry. The struggle for the city of Freiburg in 1644 between French and Bavarian-imperial armies was one of the bloodiest and longest battles of the Thirty Years’ War. He retreated into Saxony, and relinquished command to Wrangel on 23 December; by February 1646, the Swedes had been totally expelled from Bohemia. The battle lasted for three hours and ended with 2,000 Swedish soldiers dead on the battlefield and a bigger number in the rout. Estimates of total military and civilian deaths range from 4.5 to 8 million, mostly from disease or starvation. The commander of the left wing of the Habsburg army, marshal Götz had an impetuous reaction to the Swedish movement and without any proper reconnaissance of the ter… History of The Thirty Years War Part Two. It was a victory for the Imperial Army under the command of Field Marshal Melchior von Hatzfeldt, and ended the attempt by Charles I Louis, Elector Palatine, to recapture the Electoral Palatinate. Acton, Lord. The victory at Jankau opened up the way to Prague and Vienna. The Rheingrave Otto saved himself inside Strasbourg. General Gotz arrived with his army and the Bavarians sent General Werth and colonel Spork to further reinforce the army, giving it a total strength of 16,000.[3]. [1], His replacement by the Catholic Maximilian of Bavaria changed the nature and extent of the war. Upon hearing about the defeat at Jankau the emperor Ferdinand III retreated further towards the Upper Palatinate near Regensburg. pikanýr, battle of jankau, battle re-enactment, historical costume, warfare, battle, infantry Seeing this, Torstensson moved his guns forward, firing at close range into the helpless Imperial infantry. By late December the Swedish army had been worn out by the constant fighting.[8]. He retired in 1676, having received the rank of Generalfeldmarschall and accumulating great riches. The Emperor even offered Maximilian of Bavaria parts of Silesia and Bohemia as collateral in case conceding was the only option. While the French campaign in Bavaria ended in stalemate, Torstensson's three part strategy finally proved its worth when Königsmarck burst into Saxony; without hope of reinforcement, Elector John George agreed a six month truce in September 1645. [N.S.] 192. Vol. On his return, he discovered Götzen had misinterpreted his orders, moving his entire force towards the hill; it became stuck in the woods and broken ground, giving the Swedes time to install artillery and infantry at the crest. The Battle of Jankau (also written as "Jankov", "Jankow", or "Jankowitz"), one of the bloodiest of the Thirty Years' War, was fought on 6 March 1645 in southern Bohemia, some southeast of Prague, between the armies of Sweden and the Holy Roman Empire. Coordinates: .mw-parser-output .geo-default,.mw-parser-output .geo-dms,.mw-parser-output .geo-dec{display:inline}.mw-parser-output .geo-nondefault,.mw-parser-output .geo-multi-punct{display:none}.mw-parser-output .longitude,.mw-parser-output .latitude{white-space:nowrap} 49°39′01″N14°43′46″E / 49.6503°N 14.7294°E / 49.6503; 14.7294. Wedgewood, Cicely V. The Thirty Years War, Part 258. Print. [2], Economic factors meant Swedish intervention continued after Gustavus was killed in 1632, but conflicted with states within the Empire, including Saxony, and regional rivals, such as Denmark. New York: New York Review of Books, 2005. Vol. 192. They had two sons: Johann Sigismund Count of Götzen (1622-1622) and Johann Georg Count of Götzen (1623-1679). He died three years later. Acton, Lord John; Benians, Ernest Alfred (1911). At the outbreak of the war Götzen joined the army of the Electoral Palatinate, defecting in to the Imperial side after the battle of Dessau Bridge. New York: KnickerBocker, 1883. Fighting continued, as participants tried to improve their positions, but it increased the urgency of negotiations leading to the 1648 Peace of Westphalia. Although it could not match the Swedish veterans, 25 years of constant war had devastated the countryside; armies spent more time foraging, than fighting, drastically reducing their ability to sustain campaigns, or maintain positions. He was killed on 5 March 1645, while commanding the Imperial cavalry during the Battle of Jankau. Between 4,000 and 5,000 prisoners were taken. armies, each containing around 16,000 men. [9], The battle consisted of two parts, the first from dawn to midday, the second from early afternoon until nightfall. Saved by Henry Price Henry Price He was captured at the Battle of Nördlingen (1634) and executed for treason a year later. [6] The emperor was forced to rely upon his own resources. Ser. Left isolated, the infantry surrendered, with 4,450 taken prisoner, including Hatzfeldt, with another 5,000 killed or wounded; of the 36 regiments involved, only 3,000 men were present in Prague a week later. pg 78, http://books.google.com/books?id=39ZmAAAAMAAJ&pg=PA389&lpg=PA389&dq=battle+of+jankau&source=bl&ots=NbmIuIMVam&sig=hLYXY7vbwXtEEbeTrJHxOGuNdTI&hl=en&ei=vRfFSvzTKoqXlAeN_ZWSAw&sa=X&oi=book_result&ct=result&resnum=9#v=onepage&q=battle%20of%20jankau&ffalse, http://books.google.com/books?id=zGLYaUNS2twC&pg=PP19&dq=battle+of+jankau&lr=#v=onepage&q=battle%20of%20jankau&ffalse, Czech Republic articles missing geocoordinate data, Articles incorporating text from Wikipedia, 4,000 to 5,000 captured, 4,000 to 5,000 dead or missing, History of The Thirty Years' War Part Two. By 1646, Imperial forces had regained control of Bohemia; combined with inconclusive campaigns in the Rhineland and Saxony, it was clear a military solution was no longer possible. 4. Jump to: General, Art, Business, Computing, Medicine, Miscellaneous, Religion, Science, Slang, Sports, Tech, Phrases We found one dictionary with English definitions that includes the word battle of jankau: Click on the first link on a line below to go directly to a page where "battle of jankau" is defined. Wedgewood, Cicely V. The Thirty Years' War, Part 258. [17]. The Battle of Vlotho was fought on 17 October 1638. [13], This forced Torstensson into an attempt on the strategically placed town of Brno, which had an Imperial garrison of 1,500 under de Souches, a French Protestant exile. The Battle of Jankau, also known as Jankov, Jankow, or Jankowitz, took place in central Bohemia, on 6 March, 1645. [O.S.] Jankov is a municipality and village in Benešov District in the Central Bohemian Region of the Czech Republic. The Swedes were joined there by 14,200 Transylvanian troops; mostly unpaid and unfed, this worsened the supply issues, and the besiegers lost over 8,000 men, from disease, hunger, and desertion. The Emperor even offered Maximilian of Bavaria parts of Silesia and Bohemia as collateral in case conceding was the only option. He was unfriendly towards the Habsburgs; the pope gave no aid to the emperor. No quarter was given to either side, which would result in a complete victory for the Swedes. [14] With the opening of the 1645 to 1669 Cretan War, the Ottomans withdrew their support from Rákóczi; in return, Ferdinand renewed the Peace of Zsitvatorok, forcing the Transylvanians to make peace, and lifting the siege of Brno. The Battle of Jankau, also known as Jankov, Jankow, or Jankowitz, took place in central Bohemia, on 6 March 1645. His son Franz Anton von Sporck became a publisher and a patron of arts. New York: The Macmillan Company, 1911. Jankov (Battle of Jankau) Location: Jankov, Benešov District, Central Bohemian Region, Q12039507, Czechia : Point in time: 6 March 1645: 49° 39′ 00″ N, 14° 43′ 48″ E: Authority control He served with distinction in forces of both the Catholic League and Holy Roman Empire. The Thirty Years' War was a conflict primarily fought in Central Europe from 1618 to 1648. Print. Torstensson and his army did not make it to either Prague or Vienna in 1645. Both sides had around 16,000 men. The Battle of Jankau, also known as Jankov, Jankow, or Jankowitz, took place in central Bohemia, on 6 March, 1645.One of the last major battles of the 1618 to 1648 Thirty Years' War, it was fought between Swedish and Imperial armies, each containing around 16,000 men.. Johann von Götzen was a Lüneburg nobleman and Generalfeldmarschall who fought during the course of the Thirty Years' War. Battle of Jankau 1645 reenactment. It actually captures a number of phases at the end, including the final unexpected Swedish attack as the light was falling, the capture of … The war lost much of its religious nature, and changed into a contest between the Empire and Sweden, who was supported by France, and George Rákóczi, Prince of Transylvania. The Battle of Oldendorf on 8 July 1633 was fought as part of the Thirty Years' War between the Swedish Empire and the Holy Roman Empire near Hessisch-Oldendorf, Lower Saxony, Germany. [10], Hatzfeldt moved troops from the centre to cover the retreat of Götzen's men, but unlike the lighter Swedish guns, their artillery got stuck in the mud, and were captured by Arvid Wittenberg. Fields denoted with an asterisk (*) are required . Battle of Jankau 5th March 1645 The first image above is the view of Chapel Hill looking over the battlefield on the day before the battle. [4] The majority of the army was either killed or captured when the Imperial center was surrounded, including the Imperial armies commander-in-chief Hatzfeld. The more mobile and better led Swedes under Lennart Torstensson effectively destroyed their … The Battle of Jankau or Jankov, one of the bloodiest of the Thirty Years' War, was fought on 5th of March 1645 in southern Bohemia, some 50 km southeast of Prague, between the army of Sweden and that of the Holy Roman Empire. The emperor had sent a reque… It has about 900 inhabitants. This is the talk page for discussing improvements to the Battle of Jankau article. The allied force emerged victorious, and the Imperial army was only rescued from annihilation by the stubborn rearguard fighting of Raimondo Montecuccoli and his cavalry. The more mobile and better led Swedes under Lennart Torstensson effectively destroyed their opponents, commanded by Melchior von Hatzfeldt. New York: KnickerBocker, 1883. One of the last major battles of the 1618 to 1648 Thirty Years War, it was fought between Swedish and Imperial armies, each containing around 16,000 men. The Battle of White Mountain was an important battle in the early stages of the Thirty Years' War. The Cambridge modern history. Vol. At Wilsttätt, the armies of the Emperor and the Catholic League, led by Duke Charles IV of Lorraine and general Johann von Werth, defeated a Swedish force assembled by the Germans the Rhingrave of Salm-Kyrburg-Mörchingen, the Duke of Württemberg and the Margrave of Baden-Durlach. Despite victory at Freiburg in August, the Bavarians under Franz von Mercy could not prevent French troops capturing Philippsburg, and occupying Lorraine. Adrian von Enkevort was a Brabantine nobleman and Generalfeldmarschall who fought during the course of the Thirty Years' War and the Franco-Spanish War (1635–59). The Thirty Years' War began in 1618 when the Protestant dominated Bohemian Estates offered the Crown to fellow Protestant Frederick of the Palatinate, rather than conservative Catholic Emperor Ferdinand II. His personal bravery and mastery of cavalry tactics led to his steady advancement through the ranks as well as his ennoblement. The Battle of Wolfenbüttel took place near the town of Wolfenbüttel, in what is now Lower Saxony, during the Thirty Years' War. He attained the rank of Generalfeldmarschall in both the Electorate of Bavaria and Holy Roman Empire, gaining a reputation for his bravery. One of the last major battles of the 1618 to 1648 Thirty Years' War, it was fought between Swedish and Imperial armies, each containing around 16,000 men. Read Swedish Battle Introduction: Battle of the Sound, Battle of Jankau, Battle of Oland, Battle of Revolax, Battle of Colberger Heide book reviews & author details and … 2. The Battle of Jankau, also known as Jankov, Jankow, or Jankowitz, took place in central Bohemia, on 6 March, 1645.One of the last major battles of the 1618 to 1648 Thirty Years' War, it was fought between Swedish and ImperialThirty Years' War, … In 1630, Gustavus Adolphus of Sweden invaded Pomerania, partly to support his Protestant co-religionists, but also to control the Baltic trade, which provided much of Sweden's income. New York: The Macmillan Company, 1911. [7], Hatzfeldt selected a strong position; the hills and woods negated the superior Swedish artillery, his centre was protected by a stream, the right by a steep slope and deep forest. In order to protect the rich Bohemian lands from a Swedish invasion the emperor sent a large portion of his Hungarian force to reinforce the defense of Bohemia. The Battle of Herbsthausen, also known as the Battle of Mergentheim, took place near Bad Mergentheim, in the modern German state of Baden-Württemberg. Although the French suffered heavier casualties, they forced a retreat and went on to gain mastery of the middle Rhine region. The Battle of Jankau, also known as Jankov, Jankow, or Jankowitz, took place in central Bohemia, on 6 March, 1645. Gindely, Antonín; Brook, Andrew Ten (translator) (1884). pg 389. His poor relationship with the Imperial generalissimo Albrecht von Wallenstein frustrated his plan of becoming the supreme commander of the League's forces. Jankau, Battle of, Jankov, Středočeský kraj, Czech Republic, 1645 Please provide your name, email, and your suggestion so that we can begin assessing any terminology changes. He was later sent to the Lorraine front where he assisted Charles of Lorraine in reclaiming his lost realm. Battle of Jankau. Having dealt a heavy defeat on the Swedish army at the Battle of Nördlingen in September, the armies of the Emperor, Spain and the Catholic League overran much of the Swedish-held southern Germany. Battle of Freiburg, (3, 5, and 9 August 1644). [8], In late January, Torstensson took advantage of the frozen ground to enter Bohemia, near Chomutov. 285. 15 relations. The Battle of Jankau, also known as Jankov, Jankow, or Jankowitz, took place in central Bohemia, on 6 March, 1645. Most members of the Holy Roman Empire remained neutral, and the revolt was quickly suppressed. The Battle of Willstätt was fought during the Swedish phase of the Thirty Years' War near the Free city of Strasbourg, in the Holy Roman Empire. He was married to Elisabeth v. Fal(c)ken (?-1631) Falke, Falcken, Falken, Falkenreck. Before the Battle of the Downs by Reinier Nooms, circa 1639, depicting the Dutch blockade off the English coast, the vessel shown is the Aemilia, Tromp's flagship.. 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